Category Archives: Cancer
Breast Cancer Signs and symptoms in Males
There is a prevalent false impression that men are unable to have breast cancer. Men usually overlook the indicators of cancer or error them for other sicknesses. Elements such as social stigma and shame contribute to the growing denial amid males of the likelihood of obtaining cancer of the breast The improvement of male cancer ( of the breast) is mainly equivalent to what women come across. Douleur about the ages of sixty and seventy are more vulnerable to the incidence of this variety of cancer than any other age group.
Most cancers Stats
The most recent American Cancer Culture estimates for male breast cancer demonstrates that in 2009 about 1,910 circumstances will be diagnosed with about 440 fatalities. About a single % of the cancer instances, cancer of the breast circumstances, have an effect on males. The life time risk for creating this sort of cancer is at about one particular in a thousand. Latest scientific studies also shows that the prognosis for this sort of cancer for equally males and women remains the identical and the outlook is still hinged on what stage the cancer was diagnosed.
As in any other cancer, early detection and therapy is important to an individual’s survival. Thus, guys are encouraged to be far more mindful of the cancer’s symptoms and signs and symptoms. Educating douleur in combating the cultural stigma brought about by cancer also assist in helping men towards this type of cancer.
Detecting breast cancer in guys
Information and recognition on the symptoms and signs of cancer are extremely beneficial in dispensing the earliest possible detection and therapy for guys with this cancer of the breast. Right here are some of the signs linked with cancer of the breast.
Pain-free advancement of lump or thickening of the breastthirteen
Scaling and redness of the nipple and surrounding locationthirteen
Indentation or retraction in the nipple area
Bloody or very clear nipple discharge
There are several variables that boost the chance of males obtaining cancer of the breast. Some of which like genetics and age are uncontrollable. Nevertheless, some danger elements this kind of as bad diet plan, liquor usage and using tobacco can be controlled, so it best to learn what we want to steer clear of. Underneath is a listing of breast cancer risk variables in men.
Did you know that the most prevalent cancers that affect girls are breast, colon, endometrial, ovarian, skin, cervical and lung cancer? By mastering a tiny about these cancers you can know what steps you can take to perhaps help save your life or the existence of someone you treatment about.
The most frequent cancer that females might have to experience in their lifetime is breast cancer. This ailment can strike at any age, but it most prevalent amongst females 40 and more mature. There are certain chance variables that could drastically increase your chances of getting breast cancer, this kind of as a family background of breast cancer. All ladies ought to know about breast cancer and what they can do about it.
Measures You Can Get
The very best way to protect against breast cancer is to detect it as earlier as achievable when it is considerably less difficult to handle. Earlier detection is the best weapon towards breast cancer.
All females should have annually mammograms starting up at age 40.thirteen
All women ought to have a medical breast exam at minimum as soon as every two or 3 a long time for girls in their 20′s and 30′s, and every single year for ladies in their 40′s or older.
Females must report any alterations in their breasts quickly to their doctor.
All girls should complete a breast self-test at least once for each thirty day period beginning in their 20′s.
Females who are at an elevated chance for breast cancer (females who have a family members history of breast cancer, a genetic inclination, or have had past breast cancer) must find out about the benefits of beginning cancer screenings earlier, or have additional exams this kind of as a breast x-ray, ultrasound, or MRI. These females ought to talk with their doctors about these options.
Colon Most cancers
Colon cancer can influence women as properly as guys. Any grownup can get colorectal cancer. It is most common amid people 50 a long time aged and previously mentioned. If you have a personal or loved ones history of cancer, or have polyps in the colon or rectum, or inflammatory bowel ailment, then you are a lot more very likely to have colon cancer. Other threat elements are a diet plan consisting of higher-unwanted fat foods (specifically food items from animal resources), being obese, smoking, and a sedentary life-style.
* Children Security
In childhood, harmful effects of sunrays take place most in disclosure to solar. Dya light is dangerous for the babies much less than one particular calendar year of age. As for further security use sunscreen for infants having age of 6 months.
* Moles Examine
Examine you moles and confront lines each thirty day period for any adjust. In case of any adjust like any new expansion, moles that grow sharply and cant mend up have an urgent go to to your medical professional.
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World well-known skin cancer treatment method facilities
* University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, Wash.
* College of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago, Illi.
* UCLA Health care Center, Los Angeles, Calif.
* Roswell Park Cancer Institute, Buffalo, New York
* College of Arizona Cancer Heart
* Central Arkansas Radiation Therapy Institute (CARTI)
* Cedars-Sinai Extensive Cancer Heart, Los Angeles
* The Burnham Institute, previously the La Jolla Cancer Analysis Basis, La Jolla
* College of Chicago Hospitals, Chicago
Luke’s Healthcare Center, Chicago
* Shaukat Khanum Memorial Cancer Hospital & Investigation Centre
Your age and well being condition will have an effect on on your diagnostics and selections for remedy. The principal explanation of any variety of treatment method for pores and skin cancer is restoration of wellness you. Be conscious of that throughout remedy healthy cells may possibly spoil. Acquire aspect has an effect on information from you clinic or medical professional. This is extremely crucial for you as affected person. Problem to your medical doctor about any impending issue throughout therapy. This will reduce your problems and could lead to you for excellent therapy for healthy daily life.
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This ailment is considered as amid the nicely nigh important circumstances as it claimed numerous lives in the states only per year. Although dreadful, this ought to truly be a good enough cause to preserve yourself burglar alarm with regards to indicants of belly a lot of kinds of cancer indicators. It truly is the secondly virtually common selection, pulling near up with regards to the lung mix. Most indicators genuinely churn out difficult similarity to these folks of an break hernia or peptic ulceration. This could begin out with abdomen painfulnesses which may be only annoyed by powerful food items, in conjunction with pyrosis, furious abs, and wellness difficulties. Naturally, only at that phase, these symptoms and symptoms are basic demolished and is typically momently remedied by an antacid. The sole poor factor about this is niagra kinda influence only would go to delaying a workaday check-up, which allow it to head the tumor to inflict dysfunction .
The potential risk of receiving these tummy cancer indicators or signs or symptoms turns into significantly greater when this sort of factors as ancient interval keep on to look at. This ailment is a whole lot more regular amongst people these days in close proximity to to the historical time time period of 60 Stomach Cancer. Gender selection may appear up as fellas have a tendency to purchase it than ladies Stomach Cancer. An eating program that principally is created of salty wholesome tidied by smoking or curing can also be a single point to consider observe out of. Using tobacco may possibly also induce it thinking about that when you inhale, you get acknowledging a very little volume of cigarettes. There are really by intervals extra illustrations in Japanese folks Island chain and the country. In contrast to other nations around the world, the sheer numbers of situations in the usa in the period of time declined. The root of abs cancer has fled from experts. Back then, these different indicators and signs or symptoms can consider location in most cancers metastasis with other entire body parts which includes the mountainous, bronchi, lymph nodes, lean meats, small intestinal tract and intestines. Unfortunately, it will get eight-10 to ninety times pct of consumer roles with abs a lot of varieties of cancer. data about Stomach Cancer.
The cancer found in the cells of the breast is Breast cancer. A mass of breast tissue that is growing in an abnormal and uncontrolled way is a cancerous tumor. A cancerous tumor may attack the surrounding tissues or shed cells into the blood stream or lymph system. After lung cancer, breast cancer is the second most common type of cancer found world wide and fifth most common cause of cancer death. This is the most common cause of cancer among women in incidence as well as death. It caused 502,000 deaths worldwide in 2005. The number of cancer cases increased from 1970 which should be blamed on the modern styles of the present day world. Breast cancer is the most feared disease by women than the much more common fatal heart attack among women. The death rates for this cancer are declining for the last few years.
This type of cancer also occurs in men as the breast in males and females consists of same type of tissues. But it is 100 times lesser than the women and it has the same survival rates as women. The tumor in the breast is very hard to feel and have and irregular shape and not smooth. During a breast self exam the cancerous tumor may not move but the tissues around the tumor may move.
The cancer begins as single or more cells which lost its control of differentiation and increase but remains restricted with in the basement membrane of the duct. These divides and they invade the basement membrane of the duct and ultimately spread to distant organs also.
Four different classification or groups based on different reason and have a different purpose describes breast cancer:
(a) Pathology – Each tumor based on its histological appearance and for other reasons is categorized by the pathologist. The categories are invasive ductal carcinoma, malignant cancer in the ducts of the breast, invasive lobular carcinoma and the malignant cancer in the breast lobules.
(b) The pathologist determines the histological grade of the tumor under a microscope. A low grade tumor resembles normal tissue. A high grade tumor does not look like a normal tissue and composed of disorganized cells. Intermediate grade is in between the high and low grade.
(c) All breast cancers should be tested for expression or detectable effect of the estrogen receptor(ER), progesterone receptor (PR) and HER2/neu proteins and are done by immunohistochemistry and will be shown in the pathologist’s report. To predict the prognosis, the profile of expression helps the oncologist to choose the proper treatment.
(d) Stage of a tumor-The TNM classification is the currently accepted staging scheme and it is as follows:
What is Cancer?
The term ‘Cancer’ refers to any one of a large number of diseases in which a group of cells show an abnormal development with an uncontrollable division beyond the normal limits. They have the ability to intrude and destroy adjacent body tissues. Cancer cells have the ability to spread throughout the body via lymph and blood, thus destroying the healthy tissues (process known as invasion).
All the cancers begin in the basic unit of life – the cell. Normal cells in a body have the ability to grow and divide in a controlled way to produce more cells as per needed to keep the body healthy. When the cells become old or damaged, they die and get replaced with new cells. If and when this normal process gets disturbed then cancer gets initiated. In a normal process, old cells die after a certain period of time and are replaced by new cells. But in a cancerous state, new cells keep on developing while old cells do not die when they should thus leading to a mass of tissue known as a tumor.
There are two types of tumors:
1. Benign tumors:
A benign tumor is not cancerous. It can often be removed and usually does not come back. These cells grow in a limited, non-aggressive manner. They do not invade the surrounding tissues and neither spread to other parts of the body, i.e., do not metastasize.
2. Malignant tumors:
A malignant tumor is cancerous. Cells in these tumors invade the surrounding tissues and spread to other parts of the body.
Causes of Cancer
There are certain risk factors which might lead to cancer development. These are:
• Growing Older
• Ionizing radiation
• Certain chemicals and other substances
• Some viruses and bacteria
• Certain hormones
• Family history of cancer
• Poor diet, lack of physical activity, or being overweight
Most of these risk factors can be avoided, while some others, such as family history, cannot be avoided. Wherever and whenever possible, steps can be taken in staying away from known risk factors.
Keep in mind that:
Breast Cancer refers to the type of cancer that is characterized by the uncontrolled progression of abnormal cells located in the tissues of the breast. It is the second prevalent form of cancer affecting women with an incidence rate of one in every eight women.
Breast cancer comes in several form, the more common types are ductal carcinoma, which makes up approximately eighty five to ninety percent of breast cancers, and lobular carcinoma, found in about eight percent of breast cancer patients. Ductal carcinoma starts from the ducts that carry milk from the lobules to the nipple. When the cancer starts at the milk producing lobules, it is called lobular carcinoma.
There has yet to be a scientific explanation on how breast cells become abnormal and ultimately malignant. However, breast cancer is attributed to a combination of risk factors that a woman may inherit or acquire.
Some breast cancer risk factors are genetic in nature. It is widely accepted that women who have one or more relatives afflicted with breast cancer have a higher risk of having breast cancer incidence themselves. Studies show that some families have defects in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 gene and this account to about ten percent of breast cancer cases.
Hormonal risk factors are also involved in the formation of breast cancer. The female hormones, estrogen and progesterone, assists in the development and division of breast cancer cells. Women may increase their risk for breast cancer if they had hormonal replacement therapy during their menopausal stages.
Age and gender plays a key role in the development of cancerous cells in the breast. Women are thought to have a hundred percent likelihood of growing breast cancer than men especially those who area above the age of fifty.
A person’s overall health condition also factors in as a risk. Women who are less active and with less exercise have higher cancer development rate than those who have physically active. It is also well established that alcohol consumption and weight gain contributes to the incidence certain illnesses, including breast cancer.
Signs and Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Here are some signs that a woman may have breast cancer. 1. A painless lump growing in the breast area or armpit. 2. Unusual change in size and shape of the breast. 3. The nipple may produce a pus-like or clear discharge. 4. The color and texture of the skin, particularly the areola.
General Information on Breast Cancer
Breast cancer has been one of the leading health concerns for women. For over 3,600 years the cancer has affected the lives of women in immeasurable ways. According to the Edwin Smith papyrus, awareness of breast cancer has been well established since 1600 BC in Egypt, thus making it the oldest form of cancer known to humans. “There is no treatment”, this is what early Egyptian physicians writes about breast cancer according to the papyrus and for centuries this has been the attitude displayed by both health practitioners and patients.
But while the Egyptians have considered the disease incurable, we now have medical advancements that make survival almost an absolute certainty at early stages. All we need is a firm knowledge on warning signs of the cancer and the determination to go through the treatment process.
What are the Causes of Breast Cancer?
About one in eight women will be diagnosed with this cancer in a lifetime. There are several risk factors which are part of our lives that we could not change. This includes aging, familial history, genetics and menstrual cycle.
The risk of getting cancer becomes higher as a person ages. Advanced cancer stages are commonly found in women fifty years old and above. About thirty percent of women who have breast cancer have a family history of breast, ovarian, uterine or ovarian cancer.
Some people have gene defects that make them more susceptible to acquiring the disease. This includes defects commonly found in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Women with these gene defects have an eighty percent chance of getting breast cancer. Those who have started menstruation before the age of twelve or went through menopause after the age of fifty-five have higher breast cancer risk.
Women who never had children or gave birth only after the age of thirty also have an increased risk for breast cancer.
Other risk factors include alcohol consumption, obesity, hormone replacement therapy to avert menopause, the use of the drug diethylstilbestrol (DES) to prevent miscarriage, and radiation.
Curiously, there is no evidence linking the use of breast implants, antiperspirants, pesticides and underwire bras in raising cancer risks.
What are the Symptoms of Breast Cancer?
Undergoing regular breast examination is important in detecting cancerous growths because in early stages, cancer of the breast may not manifest any symptom at all. As the cancer develops women may experience one or a combination of the following.
WHAT EXACTLY IS UTERUS CANCER?
Endometrial cancer is the most common type of uterus cancer. It is so termed as the cancerous cells abnormally develop in the endometrium lining. It is also known as the cancer of the uterus or uterine cancer.
To understand cancer, we must first know that this ailment begins in the human cells. The cells are the primary unit of life. Cells combine to form tissues. Tissues come together to form organs. Cancers are malignant tumors. Tumors are masses of extra tissues. Tumors are formed when unnecessary extra cells are formed in our body. Actually new cells (the basic unit of our life) are born as per the body requirement and after the old ones die. But the malignant or cancerous cells keep on forming and constitute tumors or growths. They also spread abnormally fast. Tumors can also be non-cancerous or benign.
MALIGNANT UTERUS CANCER CAN BE LIFE-THREATENING
Uterus cancer can spread (metastasize), to the surrounding nearby blood vessels or nerves. And, from one lymph node, uterus cancer can affect other lymph nodes. Even the bones, liver, and lungs can be affected. Doctors give the newly spread tumor the same name as the mother tumor has as their characteristics remain identical.
CAUSES OF UTERUS CANCER
There is still no unanimity among the medical specialists as to the exact causes of uterus cancer or uterine cancer. Nonetheless, there is agreement among them that uterus cancer cannot spread from one person to another. In other words, uterus cancer is not contagious. Mentionably, though uterus cancer generally happens after menopause, yet it can take place as menopause starts.
TYPES OF UTERUS CANCER
There are different types of uterus cancer. You would be surprised to know that cancerous cells of the uterus at times spread to the lungs. This is not lung cancer but uterine cancer that has metastasized (spread). This ‘distant’ ailment is treated as uterus cancer. Another typical form of uterus cancer is uterine sarcoma. It develops in the myometrium (muscle). There is another uterine cancer that starts in the cervix region.
SYMPTOMS OF UTERUS CANCER
The most common symptom of uterus cancer is profuse bleeding from the vagina. Many have the misconception that such abnormal vaginal bleeding is symptom of menopause and do not pay adequate attention to it. This is wrong! Such vaginal bleeding can begin only as a watery flow having just a streak of blood. But slowly more and more blood flows along with it.
Parathyroid cancer is also known as parathyroid carcinoma and is an extremely rare type of cancer. This cancer can affect both men and women. The cancer itself is slow to grow, however it may spread to other parts of the body, including the lungs and bones, if not found and treated. Parathyroid cancer has a high rate of reappearance -up to thirty years after the initial case. Therefore, if Parathyroid cancer is found, treatment should occur immediately and follow-ups should be done on a routine basis.
The parathyroid is made up of four pea-sized glands, two on each lobe of the thyroid gland.
The thyroid gland is a butterfly shaped gland found at the base of the neck. While the cause of parathyroid is unknown, exposure to head or neck radiation may increase the odds of an occurrence of parathyroid cancer.
The parathyroid is responsible for the levels of calcium in the body. High levels of calcium in the blood may cause this type of cancer. The cancer causes calcium, which is stored in bones to move into the blood system. It also causes excess calcium to be absorbed into the intestines.
When testing for parathyroid cancer, calcium levels are tested. High levels of calcium may be an indication of this type of cancer. This particular type of cancer is extremely difficult to diagnose, as the symptoms may be indications of many other problems.
The most commonly experienced symptoms include weakness or fatigue, exhaustion, nausea, a feeling of being constantly thirsty, the need to urinate a lot, constipation, kidney stones, muscle weakness, weight loss, loss of appetite, pain in the abdomen that doesn’t go away, bone fractures, or bone pain.
A lump may be felt near the thyroid. This could be confused with thyroid cancer. Ultrasounds may be used to determine the cause of cancer as well as testing calcium levels.
If parathyroid cancer is determined, surgery is almost always required. Drugs may also be prescribed in order to lower calcium levels and stop the calcium from being absorbed into the body.
As with any type of cancer, the earlier the detection, the better the odds for survival. If a patient experiences any of the above symptoms, a doctor or physician should be consulted. If a patient finds a lump in their neck, a specialist should be consulted. The longer any type of cancer is left untreated, the greater the odds the cancer will spread to other parts of the body.